Written by Gregory Colton, EMT/Child Passenger Safety Coordinator, UCHealth Emergency Medical Services.
Ambulance crews across the country respond to thousands of pediatric calls every day. Of all those calls nothing will make us push our ambulance to the limits like responding to a call for a baby who has fallen asleep and does not wake up. Sleep related incidents are a leading cause of death for infants and we all know it too well.
We frequently talk about safe use of car seats in your car, but what about car seat safety outside of your car? A properly installed and adjusted car seat can protect your child from many dangers, but when used incorrectly a car seat can become a potential hazard.
Rear-facing-only or ‘infant’ car seats often have two parts, a base that stays inside the vehicle and a carrier that caregivers can take with them. Many parents opt for these systems due to their convenience and ability to be used in a stroller. This may give parents the impression that their car seat carrier is a handy multifunctional device. However, it is important to remember that your child’s car seat was designed to be just that, a car seat. Car seat carriers are engineered for safe riding in cars and compatible strollers. They are not intended for napping or extended use outside of a vehicle.
We all want our baby to be happy and comfortable. As a result it can be tempting to keep them happy by letting them continue sleeping in their car seat and let them be comfortable by loosening the harness straps. It seems innocent enough, but this actually creates a very dangerous situation for a child.
Two of the most important ways a car seat carrier keeps your child safe are through proper recline angle and proper positioning.
- Recline angle – A baby’s head is heavier than its brand-new neck is ready to hold up. At an incorrect recline angle a baby’s head can drop forward and block off their airway.
- Positioning – Babies are squirmy little worms. Without something to stabilize them in place a baby can roll onto their side or their face and suffocate or slide down and be strangled by the harness straps.
We strongly recommend using the car seat carrier outside of the vehicle or stroller as little as possible. That said, we do understand that the ideal world is not always achievable. If you do have to use the carrier by itself please keep the following points in mind:
- Always keep the harness buckled and snugged down tight. – This will keep your baby safely positioned. Remember the pinch test and the chest clip at armpit level.
- Place the carrier on a firm, hard surface low to the ground. – This will help prevent the carrier from toppling over or resting at an incorrect angle.
- Keep the baby under constant supervision. – A baby’s blood oxygen levels can drop dangerously low when their airway is blocked even for a brief time.
- Transition the baby from the car seat to the crib as soon as possible. – A firm, flat crib free of potential suffocation hazards is the safest place for a baby to sleep.
If you need help with your car seat or have any questions there are a number of EMS, law enforcement, and fire professionals who are passionate about child passenger safety and here to help. Please click here for a list of available resources in your community.